Founded in 1221, Nizhny Novgorod was a great trade center of the Russian Empire. During the Soviet period, the city turned into an important industrial center. In particular, the Gorky Automobile Plant was constructed in this period.
The city was also renamed Gorky and given the nickname "Russian Detroit ".
Shortly before the dissolution of the Soviet Union the city was renamed Nizhny Novgorod once again. In 1985, the Nizhny Novgorod Metro was opened.
In 2016, Vladimir Putin opened the new 70th Anniversary of Victory Plant, which is part of the Almaz-Antey Air and Space Defence Corporation.
Currently, NN is the administrative center of the Volga Federal District, the sixth-largest city in Russia. It’s an important economic, industrial, scientific, educational and cultural center of Russia, one of the main centers of river tourism in Russia.